Money lenders have basically one function and that is lending money. By lending money they make money. How? By charging interest on the lended principal amount. Who can borrow from money lenders? Anyone can borrow money from money lenders. Borrowing money or taking loans have two basic approaches.
The first is to approach a bank. Banks will only lend you money if they think you will be able to pay them back in time. They lend you money based on your credit score and history, and decide your eligibility based on other important factors such as your occupation and property.
The second approach is to borrow money from a money lender such as money lender toa payoh. They also take your credit score and history into account. Their interest charges are higher and it is less difficult to borrow money from them.
Here are some functions of a money lender in a society.
They lend money
Simple as water. Money lenders lend money. They make money by charging interest on the lended money. The concept of a money lender is not new. Money lending is a very old practice. Even if you borrow money from a friend, it is also called money lending. The only difference is that the friend won’t charge you interest. On the other hand, the money lender will charge interest on the borrowed money.
They charge interest
Money lenders lend money so that they can charge interest. Interest is the profit that they make for lending the money. It is a simple concept. For purchasing something, you exchange money for that item. For purchasing money, you exchange interest plus the amount you borrowed. So, interest is what you pay in return for the lending service.
They can also use their money to invest in something. Money lenders have a big pool of interest coming their ways. The money they make is used in investing which makes them more money. Investment can be either positive or negative for the lender. However, no person invests money at a bad deal. Investment is a sort of lending. The difference here is that they can lose the money if volatility is high.
Therefore, the functions of a money lender is primarily to lend money to people in need. By lending money, the lender makes more money by charging interest on it. The lender can also invest money in businesses or in other ventures.